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Modern Foreign Languages

At Farley, the children have traditionally learnt Spanish as part of the Modern Foreign Languages curriculum, but this is being replaced by French. At the moment, the Upper School still learn Spanish as they have a good basic grounding in this and have been learning how to speak and write the language by a specialist teacher. The Lower School are currently learning French and as these year groups move up the school, they will continue with French and Spanish will no longer be taught. French is taught by teachers that have been trained and are supported in their teaching of French as a Modern Foreign Language by the area co-ordinator.


Key Stage 2: Foreign Languages

Teaching may be of any modern or ancient foreign language and should focus on enabling pupils to make substantial progress in one language. The teaching should provide an appropriate balance of spoken and written language and should lay the foundations for further foreign language teaching at key stage 3. It should enable pupils to understand and communicate ideas, facts and feelings in speech and writing, focused on familiar and routine matters, using their knowledge of phonology, grammatical structures and vocabulary.

The focus of study in modern languages will be on practical communication. If an ancient language is chosen the focus will be to provide a linguistic foundation for reading comprehension and an appreciation of classical civilisation. Pupils studying ancient languages may take part in simple oral exchanges, while discussion of what they read will be conducted in English. A linguistic foundation in ancient languages may support the study of modern languages at key stage 3.

Pupils should be taught to:

  • listen attentively to spoken language and show understanding by joining in and responding
  • explore the patterns and sounds of language through songs and rhymes and link the spelling, sound and meaning of words
  • engage in conversations; ask and answer questions; express opinions and respond to those of others; seek clarification and help*
  • speak in sentences, using familiar vocabulary, phrases and basic language structures
  • develop accurate pronunciation and intonation so that others understand when they are reading aloud or using familiar words and phrases*
  • present ideas and information orally to a range of audiences*
  • read carefully and show understanding of words, phrases and simple writing
  • appreciate stories, songs, poems and rhymes in the language
  • broaden their vocabulary and develop their ability to understand new words that are introduced into familiar written material, including through using a dictionary
  • write phrases from memory, and adapt these to create new sentences, to express ideas clearly
  • describe people, places, things and actions orally* and in writing
  • understand basic grammar appropriate to the language being studied, including (where relevant): feminine, masculine and neuter forms and the conjugation of high-frequency verbs; key features and patterns of the language; how to apply these, for instance, to build sentences; and how these differ from or are similar to English.

The starred (*) content above will not be applicable to ancient languages.

Modern Foreign Languages: Long Term Plan


Year 3 (French) 4 (French)
  1. Numbers (at least 0-10).
  2. Greetings & saying how you are.
  3. Classroom instructions (possibly link to English lessons on instructions.
  4. Ask someone their name & telling someone your name.


  • The Nativity (play).
  • A letter to Father Christmas.
      1 & 2.  Revision of colours (from year 3).
Parts of the body.
Adjectives (big, small, fat, long & pointed).
      2 & 3.  Asking how do you say......in French?
  1. Recite a nursery rhyme in French & appreciate the difference between an English & French nursery rhyme.
  2. Zoo animals.
    Letters of the alphabet.
  3. Revision of the verb to be (from year 3).
    Adverbs/quantifiers: quite & very.
    Adjectives: big, small, nice, funny & feroce.
      6 & 7.  Christmas:
  • the Snowman.
  • Revision of parts of the body.
  • How to say I like that.
  1. Revision of numbers (at least) 0-10.
    Ask someone their age & telling someone your age.
 6 & 7. Colours.
  1. The verb to be (he/she/it is).
    Connectives: and.
  2. Fruit & other food items.
Shrove Tuesday: Making pancake.
Easter: Easter celebrations & making an Easter card.
  1. To learn a French nursery rhyme & identify rhyming words (possibly link to English work on poetry).
  2. Members of the (my) family.
  3. To ask & answer questions about family members.
  4. To listen & respond to the story The Giant Radish.
  5. To identify whether or not you have certain pets.
    Connectives: and & also/as well.
  6. Introducing facts about people.
  7. Easter: To learn about Easter traditions.
    Adverbs/quantifiers: quite.
  1. Listen & respond to an authentic
    French nursery rhyme, song & story.
  2. Days of the week.
  3. Months of the year.
  1. Dictionary skills (ordering words).
    Play a traditional French game & sing a traditional French song.
  2. Hobbies.
  3. Opinions: love/like/hate/don't like.
  4. Asking people what they like & dislike.
    Numbers: 12-31.
  5. Leisure activities.
    Learn airports/ports/towns in France.
    Revise opinions.
  6. The weather.
    Clothes (to pack in a suitcase).
    Adverbs/quantifiers: very/a little.

Year 5 Scheme of Work Overview


Lessons Content Key skills and activities
Lesson 1

Il y a +
building on the hight street
un marché, un magasin, un supermarché, une poste, une banque, un café, une mairie, un magasin de vetements, une boulangerie

  • Make simple sentences and manipulate them by changing an element
  • Understand and use negatives
  • Recite a short text with accurate pronunciation
  • Appreciate similarities and differences between French and English high streets
Lesson 2

A gauche, a driote,

Revision of connectives -
et, aussi

Revision of adjectives -
grand, petit

  • Identify the position of adjectives in a sentence
  • Memorise and present two or three sentences describing a high street
  • Manipulate language by changing an element in a sentence
  • Use a dictionary
Lesson 3

Asking where places are
Il y a?
C'est, au coin

Pause words
Et alors, voyons, eh bien.

  • Take part in a simple conversation, asking for and giving directions
  • knowing how to add expression and authenticity to a short dialogue
  • Understand key information from a short exchange
Lesson 4

Revision of days of the week

Times of day
Matin, apres-midi, soir, a 10 heures, a 4 heures et demie

Tres, assez

  • Substitute quantifiers and adjectives in a sentence
  • Collect and record evidence about activity on the high street at certain times of day, and express it in French
  • Recap of Key letter strings - in/oi
Lesson 5

No new vocabulary

  • Understand and express simple opinions
  • Write short sentences, substituting vocabulary in model sentences
Lesson 6

Christmas theme
Christmas vocabulary
La foret, il neige, un spain, je brille, une bougie

Revision of colours and verbs etre-
jes suis/je ne suis pas

  • Learn and join in singing a French carol
  • Recite a short text with accurate pronunciation
  • Follow the transcript of a Christmas story
  • Appreciate similarities and differences between Christmas in France and England
Lesson 7

Christmas theme

No new vocabulary

  • Use actions and mimes to aid memorisation
  • Make a traditional French Christmas sweet
  • Join in performing a short Christmas story in French, reading and pronouncing unknown words
Lesson 8

Revision of days of the week

Revision of hobbies introduced in Y4

Simple future tense
Je vais...


  • Understand and express simple opinions
  • Integrate new language into previously learned language
  • Prepare a keep fit programme for the week ahead, using immediate future tense
  • Listen to a native speaker and understand more complex phrases and sentences
Lesson 9

Months of the year

janvier, fevrier, mars, avril, mai, juin, juillet, aout, septembre, octobre, novembre, decembre

  • Imitate pronunciation of sounds
  • Identify social conventions at home and in other cultures
Lesson 10

Revision of sports/hobbies vocabulary

Revision of numbers 0-50

...plus que
...more than
Revision of immediate future - je vais + verb

  • Investigate the effect of exercise on pulse rate
  • Understand more complex phrases, including comparisons
  • Contribute to a classroom display illustrating the relationship between exercise and pulse rate
Lesson 11

Revision of fruit from Y3

Food, including revision from Y3 -
Le pain, la baguette, le riz, les pates, les pommes de terre, le jambon, le poisson, le fromage, l'eau, le yaourt, le chocolat, la glace, le gateau, les biscuits, les chips, les frites, la salade, les carottes, les petis pois

  • Find words in a bi-lingual dictionary
  • Take part in a conversation expressing likes/dislikes of certain foods, using stalling strategies as appropriate
  • Listen to and understand a native speaker expressing likes and dislikes
Lesson 12

Food items - as for lesson 11
Revision of connectives:et, mais, aussi

  • Design a balanced meal, with foods labelled in French
  • Extend basic sentences by using connectives
  • Use negatives
  • Express opinions in short, written sentences included in a PowerPoint presentation
Lesson 13

No new vocabulary

  • Memorise and present a short rhyme
  • Investigate the similarities and differences between French and English eating habits by looking at French school lunch menus
  • Investigate and share strategies for learning new vocabulary
Lesson 14

Un croissant, un pain au chocolat, un pain aux raisins, une tartine, un chocolat chaud, un jus d'orange, tu veux...?, je voudrais

  • Develop accuracy in pronunciation and intonation
  • Use spoken language spontaneously during a breakfast role play
Lesson 15

Ingredients for a French dessert
Le beurre, le sucre, des oeufs, le sel

  • Watch and understand a demonstration in French of the method of making a dessert
  • Order sentence cards to re-create the method
  • Write words and phrases using a reference
Lesson 16

Revision of days of the week/months of the year

Aujoud'hui c'est le lundi 10 octobre

Il fait froid, il fait chaud, il fait beau, il fait mauvais, il y a du soleil, il y a du vent, il y a du brouillard, il pleut, il neige

  • Identify the date from an audio recording
  • Use short sentences to give a description of the weather
  • Look and listen for visual and aural clues in an audio recording
Lesson 17

Revision of weather phrases

En automne, en hiver, au printemps, en ete

Normalement, en general

  • Identify rhyming words and make up a short rhyming poem using weather conditions
  • Use simple sentences to present a mini weather report in French
  • Write two or more sentences describing the weather in each season in French
  • Recognise similarities and differences between places
Lesson 18

Saying where you live
J'habite a + town, dans le nord, le sud, l'ouest, de l'Angleterre

  • Learn and join in singing a traditional French song
  • Prepare a short presentation saying where you live and what the climate is like
  • Scan a more detailed text with unknown languages for details
Lesson 19

No new vocabulary

  • Understand that there are stereotypical images associated with countries
  • Consider key similarities and differences in daily life in the UK and France
  • Collect items which relate to our lifestyle
  • Investigate French supermarket websites to find out in what ways they differ from English supermarkets
Lesson 20

No new vocabulary

  • Take part in a quiz which revises many topics and skills learnt during the year

Year 6 Scheme of Work Overview


Lessons Content Key skills and activities
Lesson 1

Classroom routines:
Answering the register
Saying the date
Describing the weather
Asking for classroom objects
Following instructions

Recap of simple negative from Y4:
Je n'ai pas de

  • Initiate and sustain conversions
  • Re-use previously learned language in a new context
  • Discuss language learning and reflect on how to memorise and recall language
  • Understand the formation of a basic negative sentence
Lesson 2

As for lesson 1


  • Perform a sketch in French to an audience
  • Present oral work confidently, speaking clearly and audibly with good pronunciation
  • Understand key details from an authentic text
  • Making predictions based on existing knowledge
  • Use a dictionary
  • Evaluate work
Lesson 3

Recap of clothes vocabulary from lesson 4

+ des chaussures, des chaussettes, un sweat

Recap of expressing opinions from Y3, Y4 Y5:J'aime, Je n'aime pas

Justify opinions:
Je n'aime pas le rouge

C'est + adjective

  • Match sound to sentences and paragraphs
  • Add two short verses to a rhyming poem
  • Understand details including opinions from spoken passages
  • Construct a short paragraph by adapting a model
Lesson 4

Recap of family members from Y4

Recap of structures from Y4 and Y5:
Il s'appelle; il a x ans; il est; il habite a

Recap of quantifiers from Y3, Y4, Y5:
Tres, assez

Recap of adjectives from Y4:
Sympa, intelligent, amusant


  • Join in two playground games in French
  • Understand the main points and simple opinions expressed in a short, written text and respond by answering true/false questions
  • Follow a story as it is read aloud, demonstrating understanding
  • Recognise agreements and patterns in the foreign language
  • Listen for clues to meaning - e.g. tone of voice
Lesson 5

Recap of verb etre from Y4 and Y5:
Il est, elle est

Occupations vocabulary:
Vendeur   vendeuse
Serveur   serveuse
Agent de police

  • Understand that some nouns for occupations change their spelling in relation to gender
  • Understand key details from a stort, spoken passage
  • Match sound to sentences and paragraphs, by re-ordering lines from a song
  • Recognise that word order may vary bewteen lanquages
  • Use a dictionary to find additional nouns to construct short sentences - il est infirmier
Lesson 6

Recap of family members from Y4 and from Y6 lesson 4

Phrases to use when playing games in
A toi
A moi
S'il te plait

  • Play a game using phrases in French
  • Recognise adjectival agreements in a short text
  • Read aloud phrases from a text using a variety of voices and expression
  • Prepare songs and sketches for a performance
  • Listen for clues to meaning - tone of voice, key words
Lesson 7

As for lesson 6

  • Sing French songs with accurate pronunciation
  • Speak audibly and clearly when performing to an audience
Lesson 8

Recap of phrases from Y4 and Y5:
Il y a; j'habite dans; j'habite a
Une maison
Un appartement

Receptive use of eight rooms of the house

  • Match sound to individual word in a list of nouns
  • Identify the sounds of some letters of the alphabet
  • Be aware of cultural differences in housing at home and abroad
  • Reflect on techniques for memorising language
  • Re-use known language in a new context
Lesson 9

As for lesson 8 +

Recap of adjectives from Y4:
Petit, grand, superbe, magnifique

Immense, de luxe, en haut, en bas

  • Recognise and practise the French vowel sounds
  • Identify and substitute nouns in a sentence
  • Contribute to a shared writing task, describing an ideal home
  • Produce own piece of writing, adapting a model
Lesson 10

Une fenetre
Une piscine

  • Memorise and perform a verse from a song
  • Evaluate work
  • Understand the gist of an audio recording, matching adjectives to nouns
  • Identify different text types
Lesson 11

Recap of prepositions from Y5 +

Sur, sous

  • Identify nouns and adjectives contained in a text
  • Sort word cards into nouns, verbs, adjectives, prepositions
  • Be familiar with abbreviations used in a dictionary to identify nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs
  • Recognise potential hazards when using dictionaries and how abbreviations can help
  • Read phrases with appropriate intonation and expression
Lesson 12

Recap of repetition requests from Y3 and Y4:
Repete, s'il te plait; repetez, s'il vous plait; ...qu'est-ce que c'est en francais?

Furniture vocabulary

  • Ask for repetition / clarification in French
  • Revise the sound of the letter i in French
  • Use knowledge of pronunciation patterns to create a rap
Lesson 13

No new vocabulary

Recap of stalling strategies from Y5

  • Sustain an unrehearsed conversion of at least four exchanges
  • Use stalling strategies as appropriate
  • Read for enjoyment
Lesson 14

Recap of days of the week and months of the year from Y3, Y4 and Y5

Recap of verb aller from Y5: on va

On va aller, partir

  • Understand that French is spoken in many countries throughout the world
  • Use the internet to research climate
  • Choose a country for the holiday and select dates
  • Make predictions about meaning based on existing knowledge
  • Write short sentences, using a model
Lesson 15

On va rester dans...

Un hotel, un appartement, un gite,
un camping

  • Use the internet to research different types of accommodation
  • Write a short letter to book accommodation, adapting a model
  • Use a dictionary as appropriate
Lesson 16

On va aller, prendre

Recap of means of transport from Y4:
En bateau, en avion, en voiture, en train

  • Use the internet to research places of interest at holiday destination
  • Write a programme of activities for a week on holiday, adapting a model and using the immediate future tense
  • Use a dictionary as appropriate
Lesson 17

On va visiter, regarder

D'abord, plus tard

Names of places to visit

  • Use the internet to research places of interest at holiday destination
  • Write a programme of activities for a week on holiday, adapting a model and using the immediate future tense
  • Use a dictionary as appropriate
Lesson 18

No new vocabulary

  • Prepare presentation for next lesson in relation to holiday plans and the area to be visited
  • Consider material to be used in the presentation / performance: cultural information - food, climate, places of interest, festivals; songs, dance music
  • Use support material appropriately and adapt suggested models
  • Plan and prepare collaboratively and analyse what needs to be done to carry out the task
Lesson 19

No new vocabulary

  • Perform to an audience
Lesson 20

No new vocabulary

  • Recall key vocabulary and structures learned during the year
  • Work collaboratively to answer quiz-type questions